pGEM-T Plasmids are widely used cloning vectors specifically designed for the cloning of PCR products. Developed by Promega Corporation, these plasmids are optimized for the efficient cloning of DNA fragments generated by Taq DNA polymerase, which typically adds a single deoxyadenosine (A) residue to the 3' ends of the PCR products. The pGEM-T vector features single 3'-thymidine (T) overhangs, facilitating the direct ligation of PCR products.


  • pGEM-T Plasmids: Technical Insights
  • Structure and Components:
    • Origin of Replication (ori): pGEM-T plasmids contain the high-copy-number ColE1 origin of replication, leading to the production of numerous plasmid copies per cell, which aids in the isolation of large quantities of recombinant DNA.
    • Antibiotic Resistance Gene:
      • ampR: Provides resistance to ampicillin by encoding beta-lactamase, an enzyme that deactivates the antibiotic. This allows for the selection of bacterial cells that have been successfully transformed with the plasmid.
    • Multiple Cloning Site (MCS): The MCS in pGEM-T vectors is flanked by recognition sites for the restriction enzymes EcoRI, BstZI, NcoI, and NotI, facilitating the release and further manipulation of the cloned insert.
    • LacZα Gene: The pGEM-T vector contains the coding sequence for the α-peptide of β-galactosidase. This gene is disrupted upon insertion of a PCR product, allowing for blue/white screening of recombinant colonies. Bacteria with intact plasmids produce blue colonies on X-gal/IPTG plates, while those with inserts produce white colonies.
  • Applications:
    • Cloning of PCR Products: The primary application of pGEM-T plasmids is the efficient cloning of PCR products. The single T overhangs on the vector are complementary to the A overhangs added by Taq DNA polymerase, facilitating direct ligation.
    • Blue/White Screening: The lacZα complementation system enables easy identification of recombinant colonies. Blue colonies indicate non-recombinant plasmids, while white colonies indicate successful insertion of PCR products.
    • Sequencing: pGEM-T vectors are often used for preparing templates for DNA sequencing, providing a reliable means to verify the sequence of cloned PCR products.
    • Subcloning: Inserted PCR fragments can be easily excised using restriction enzymes flanking the MCS, allowing for further subcloning into other vectors for various downstream applications.
  • Types of pGEM-T Plasmids:
    • pGEM-T and pGEM-T Easy: The original pGEM-T vector and the pGEM-T Easy vector differ mainly in their MCS arrangement and some optimized features in the latter for more efficient cloning. Both are used for similar applications but may offer slight advantages depending on the specific experimental requirements.
  • Experimental Considerations:
    • Transformation Efficiency: High transformation efficiency is critical when using pGEM-T plasmids. Competent E. coli cells with high transformation efficiency should be used to maximize the uptake of the plasmid.
    • Antibiotic Selection: Proper antibiotic selection with ampicillin ensures that only bacteria containing the plasmid will grow. It is important to maintain selective pressure throughout the experiment.
    • Verification: After cloning, the presence and orientation of the inserted PCR product should be verified using techniques such as restriction enzyme digestion, PCR, and sequencing.
AffiPLASMID® pGEM-T-TAL1 Plasmid
CAT# AFG-NVF-100088
Size: 2 μg
283.60 283.6 USD
CAT# AFG-NVF-100087
Size: 2 μg
276.00 276.0 USD
CAT# AFG-NVF-100086
Size: 2 μg
276.00 276.0 USD
CAT# AFG-NVF-100085
Size: 2 μg
276.00 276.0 USD
AffiPLASMID® pGEM-TmpRSS11D Plasmid
CAT# AFG-NVF-100084
Size: 2 μg
215.20 215.20000000000002 USD
CAT# AFG-NVF-100083
Size: 2 μg
276.00 276.0 USD
AffiPLASMID® pGEM-T7-UTR-Slc26a8-3×FLAG Plasmid
CAT# AFG-NVF-100082
Size: 2 μg
276.00 276.0 USD
AffiPLASMID® pGEM-T Easy Plasmid
CAT# AFG-NVF-100081
Size: 2 μg
276.00 276.0 USD